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Friday, August 15, 2014

In Memoriam - Ali Abu Afash


It is with the deepest, profoundest sadness that The Next Century Foundation has to report the death yesterday of Ali Abu Afash, a close friend and NCF member and volunteer.

Ali passed away on Wednesday 13th of August in an explosion in Beit Lahiya, north of Gaza. The cause of the explosion, a piece of ordinance from the recent fighting that detonated. AP Journalist Simone Camilli, three others were also killed in the blast. Another four were injured.

Ali Abu Afash was a core member of the Gaza Centre for Media Freedom, an organisation that contributes to the development of Palestinian journalists in Gaza through training and development and the provision of financial and logistical aid.

A huge personality, Ali touched all of those that he met. Ali spent his time training young journalists and campaigning on the plight of journalists in Gaza. During the recent bombardment of Gaza he worked tirelessly assisting journalists in their coverage of the conflict.

Always happy, welcoming and optimistic, whatever the situation, the tight-knit journalistic community in Gaza will be mourning a huge loss.

Ali 36, is survived by his wife and two daughters, ages 5 and 6.

Loved by all, Ali Abu Afash, one of the world's most wonderful and gentle men, will be sorely missed.

This dear man, Ali Abu Afash, was the fifteenth journalist to be killed in the current round of fighting. God grant that there will be no more.
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The Next Century Foundation has been raising money for Gaza Centre for Media Freedom and the families of journalists killed. If you would like to contribute please donate here

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The Next Century Foundation Gaza Appeal

The Next Century Foundation GazaAppeal


The Next Century Foundation is one of the few not for profit charitable organisations with an office in Gaza and a long standing history of involvement in the war torn Gaza Strip.

We are a peace organisation founded on the principle of promoting freedom from fear and rapprochement between nations.


The NCF office is in the Gaza Media Centre in Gaza city. We have a broad based membership in Gaza, but most of our members are Gazan journalists. We therefore make this appeal in cooperation with the International Communications Forum


Our intention is not to deliver reconstruction aid at this point but instead to deliver help to families that have lost their breadwinner, starting with the families of journalists killed in the current conflict.

In the present conflict:

1.       Thirteen journalists have been killed
2.       43 journalists have been injured
3.       Twelve media offices have been partially damaged like those of Al Jazeera and UPI or completely destroyed like those of Al Aqsar TV and Watania.
4.       Twelve homes of journalists have been damaged in shelling, five of them in Tel al Hawar area
5.       Five cars used by journalists have been completely destroyed and 9 damaged

Journalists face particular danger because their job requires them to move from place to place, most particularly the independent and freelance journalists. All those killed were young. 7 were killed at work in the field. In Sharquiya area three were killed and two injured (one with the loss of both legs) in just one shelling.


Some of the journalists’ families that have lost their breadwinner could do with small emergency grants.

Small independent media organisations are also having difficulty broadcasting / reporting because of the lack of electricity in Gazanow. The small offices only have little 3 or 4 kw generators that will not run 24/7. A generator would cost US$1,600 but there are 20 small media offices that need generators.


Adel Zaanoon from The Gaza Media Centre who is known to many of you says if we send a dollar they will match it by raising a dollar locally.

Our target is to raise US$100,000. But even if we raise a small fraction of that amount we can change lives in Gaza for the better.

Please help. To donate click on the button below (or alternatively send a cheque payable to The Next Century Foundation Gaza Appeal to one of the two addresses listed below).

Note that the NCF will not retain any of the money raised - all funds raised will be transferred in their totality to Gaza and the administrative cost will be born by the NCF. The required process of due diligence will be conducted by the NCF and will be transparent.


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Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Gaza Report 9


This report is the ninth in a series on the current confrontation between Gaza and Israel.

ISRAEL: The following is the perspective of David Sasson, one of Israel’s veteran peacemakers and senior member of the NCF. David is of Iraqi Jewish heritage (as usual, quoted verbatim as of this morning):

I am very sad about both Gaza and Iraq. I don’t know what the US is going to do. They make a lot of mistakes. Look at the plight of the Christians of Mosul. Nobody says anything about that.

Gaza is very very bad. This is a big mistake I think. This creates terror in the Middle East – even in Europe. The West must open its eyes. We don’t have the right sort of politicians now in the world. We cannot do anything. The politicians must find a solution and that involves sitting together. The same rules apply in Syria and in Iraq and in Gaza.

In Gaza, if they destroy Hamas, ISIS will come. Al Qaidah will be there. I feel very sad and believe me: they must wake up in the West. Al Qaidah is at the doors of Europe. Europe and America must wake up.

In the end they are going to sit together. Better to sit today not tomorrow.

I am very very sad to see what happened in this world.

GAZA: The following comment comes from Adel Zaanoon, the NCF’s senior member in Gaza. Again the words are quoted verbatim (as at 5:30 pm GMT this afternoon).

There are more and more efforts for a humanitarian truce. They have failed because Israel rejected that truce. But at the same time today morning it was quiet, no shelling from Israel or Hamas.

This afternoon there were several air strikes on Shifa hospital and on the refugee camp. 10 Palestinians were killed and 55 injured. Meanwhile throughout all Gaza there was tank shelling. All areas repeated tank shelling.

In Khoza today, the village East of Khan Younis, the Red Cross found 12 bodies from four or five days ago.

Still there are efforts from all for peace.

Meanwhile Hamas and Islamic Jihad confirmed their conditions for a cease fire: the lifting of the siege and the reopening of all crossings including Rafa. But Israel does not want to end the siege.

Maybe there will be more and more escalation if we do not arrive at a truce. Escalation from both Israel and Palestine. A lot maybe.

Meanwhile today on the ground there were several clashes. The Qassam said 9 Israelis were killed today, whilst Israel said 4 Israelis dead in Ashkol North East of Gaza this afternoon by Palestinian rocket.

It’s terrible. Still very bad. There is no solution. No vision to solve this problem. Maybe there will be a humanitarian truce. I hope so. For 24 hours. We hope so because the people of Gaza are tired. There is so much suffering in Gaza, it’s crazy.

This current cease fire proposal comes from the UN. Hamas and Israel are both discussing this proposal. The Palestinian people hope there will be agreement from Hamas and Israel because they are more and more tired and more and more are being killed.

There were 10 Palestinian children killed and 50 injured in that one strike in Shata refugee camp. About 40% of the dead in Gaza these days are children and 20% are women. Since this began 1,100 have been killed.


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COMMENT: Today's comment is in the shape of two broadcasts, both actually recorded before the current outbreak of hostilities, but possibly even more pertinent now.

The first is with Orthodox Rabbi Herschel Gluck. Click Here

The second is with Gazan film maker Dr Imad Karam. Click Here

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Also – we were sent the following comment from a Syrian, Abdulazim Saffaf

Thank you very much for asking me for my opinion on whether I can see some light at the end of the darkest tunnel in history; the Middle East conflict.
The survival nature and resilience of the people involved in the conflict both Jewish and Palestinian throughout history justify my hope.
There is no alternative to direct negotiation. This direct negotiation should be between true representatives of both sides including the Israeli far right and Hamas. Without involving them the chance is everything will collapse.
Negotiation and not bargaining or haggling, negotiation that is dynamic and goes beyond mere conferring with view to compromise. It is about making and seeking concessions.
The hope is there if we adhere to self-evident principles:
1.      Hate breeds only hate and violence, love breeds love and peace.
2.      To read history to learn valuable lessons to enhance co-existence, and to stop reading history to live in it.
3.      Injustice is the source of all evils.
4.      All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights (Article1, Universal declaration of human rights UDHR).
5.      Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person (Article3, UDHR)
6.      Everyone has the right to a nationality (Article 15.1 UDHR)
7.      No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality (Article 15.2 UDHR).
8.      Both Arabs and Jews deserve not just a break but a lasting solution.
9.      Hostilities must stop immediately to allow for proper negotiation of lasting peace.
Hope can also be sought from the good example of the harmonious co-existence between Jews and Arabs as those in the past in Baghdad, Andalusia or the current good example in Safed under the Jewish Mayor Ilan Shochat.
In addition to the above principles, there are the following facts that we should draw our attention to:
1.      The word Palestine has always had positive connotation among Jews. Most of the Jewish writers prior to 1948 spoke of their love to and of their dreams about the Holy Land called Palestine.

2.      The word Israel has always had positive connotation among Arabs prior to 1948 because of the high place Prophet Jacob (Israel) the father of Prophet Joseph both have in the heart of Muslim and Christian Arabs.

I HAVE A DREAM! That one day to see Palestine as one country and to see Jews and Arabs living side by as equal citizens of that country. With the potential of both its peoples and its world religions and heritage, there shall be no limits to the advancement and prosperity of this country. Jerusalem shall regain its long held name: The City of Peace.

When Jerusalem is peaceful, the whole world will be peaceful.
 Abdulazim Saffaf

Gaza Report 8

This report is the eighth in a series on the current confrontation between Gaza and Israel.

ISRAEL: The following is the perspective of Danny Rubenstein, one of Israel’s greatest award winning journalists and a close friend of the NCF:

It’s a window of opportunity now because the Hamas regime is isolated and broken both militarily and financially.

Now is the first time Egypt and Abu Mazin and Israel have truly cooperated. This is a good chance to bring Gaza to life. There are a lot of possibilities. For instance the gas reservoirs (Gaza has vast offshore gas reserves). The only reason they are not developed is the need to find a customer. You cannot develop these reserves without a customer. Gaza itself is not enough as a customer. The only relevant customer is Israel.

Developing the Gaza reserves through Egypt is a disaster because the terrorists would attack the pipeline in Sinai. If Israel buys this then there could also be a pipeline to Jordan. This would bring millions of dollars to Gaza. You could run desalination plants for Gaza with the cheap energy.

For 15 years nothing has been done with this gas. And this is only one example of how Gaza could be developed.

If you listen to Netanyahu, he doesn’t say anything about getting rid of Hamas. I am afraid he wants a weak Hamas to stay and Abu Mazin to remain a weak partner for peace. It would be much much better if Abu Mazin were strong and would take over Gaza.

Of course Abu Mazin getting with the support of Israeli tanks would be a disaster. But now if we had a cease fire and moved on from there, Hamas is popular but very weak because it is isolated by the entire world. That’s why it is a good time to start this dialogue.

GAZA: The following comment comes from the NCF office in Gaza. 

The situation is the same. The situation is still very bad today. Violence. Tank shells. Especially on the East of Gaza, North and South. Everywhere. Today so far 32 have been killed and more than 100 injured. In total thus far we have 832 dead, more than 5,200 injured, 17,000 houses damaged, 1,800 completely destroyed.

Hamas fighters and the Israeli Army are still fighting. Hamas killed three Israeli soldiers today but we hear nothing of that from the Israelis.

On the political effort there is nothing new. We will support any new idea, believe this. But compromise is difficult because Hamas must completely end the siege. But Israel just wants quiet on the basis of calm = calm. This is completely impossible for us because we would just be in the same miserable situation we were in before all this began which means nothing.

The Egyptian side do not support Hamas demands to end the siege.

We want to rebuild the airport and seaport but Israel is not ready to give Palestine this point.

For Al Eid there will be a truce for a few days maybe.

The obstacle is Egypt and maybe Saudi Arabia.

It’s really terrible.

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COMMENT: Today's comment is from UK Task Force, an organisation that highlights issues in regard to Israel’s Arabs, and they have highlighted and submitted this article from the Economist.
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Also – Geoffrey Whitfield of Sports for Peace sent us this more subjective comment piece from Uri Avnery of Peace Now. Thank You

Friday, July 25, 2014

Gaza Report 7


This report is the seventh in a series on the current confrontation between Gaza and Israel.

ISRAEL: The following is the perspective of an Israeli diplomat close to the NCF (name withheld):

We are horrified by the scale of the civilian death toll in Gaza. There is no question about that. But how are we to stop these rocket attacks? We have placed that down as an open question to our allies. What do they think we should do? If we could find another way to do what we have to do to secure the safety of Israel we would do it.

ISRAEL 2: The following is the perspective of one of our most senior Israeli NCF members (name withheld):

It’s devastating what’s happening. It has been a nightmare. But I feel that in some strange way it has unified Israelis. Before we were conflicted, particularly in the Diaspora where there was J-Street in the States and their counterpart in the UK.

People that were on the right and on the left before this crisis now think differently because this is not the West Bank, this is Gaza, this is a part of Palestine from which we have vacated.

Also it’s more than that. Of course there was this blockade – but there was a reason for that. I understand the Hamas standpoint. I understand they want the blockade lifted. I don’t agree but I understand.

It would be an absolute miracle if there was a cease fire now. But what we need is not a mere cease fire. We need an effective peace process.

THE WEST: The following is the perspective of one of our most senior British NCF members (name withheld):

No one in the world gains from a batch of this every four or five years. We lack an Israeli with sufficient vision to lead his nation to peace with the Arabs. It needs to be someone from the right wing.

GAZA: The following comment comes from the NCF office in Gaza. 

All of us OK but today it was most deadly because of the Israeli massacre in southern Khuzaa and Abassan villages to the East of Khan Younis, where Israeli shelling left dead and wounded under rubble. In Khuzaa village 31 were killed and more than 1,100 injured.

But tonight there was a massacre against the "Kaa-Albir'' school in Beit Hanoun which was hit by four shells fired by IDF forces. 17 were killed and 170 injured. All of them were new refugees in an UNWRA shelter.

It has been a bloody day, especially in the last few hours. At the same time Hamas and Islamic Jihad said they killed several Israeli soldiers in the Eastern Gaza Strip and Beit Hanoun in the South Gaza Strip.

(Conversation interrupted by an air strike)

Khalid Mishal said they will continue until they end the siege and stop the war and agreesion – but especially to end the siege.

Maybe Israel will stop unilaterally without a cease fire. But without a cease fire and deal it will be very bad because crossings must be reopened. And because if no end to the siege it means no rebuilding of the houses and now we have more than 250,000 homeless which is too much.

Hamas and all the factions will continue to hold to this condition to end the siege because without it the misery will continue. Hamas, Islamic Jihad, the PFLP and Abu Mazin’s Fateh are all united on this. This is the first time from Abu Mazin to speak like this. Now all the factions including Abu Mazin are on the same side. This is the first time.

Ban ki-Moon left with nothing but I am sure the international community will do something.

‘Till now the Israeli side says 32 dead. Hamas says they killed 8 Israelis just today so their figure is higher.

Ramadan ends in three days but this war will continue. It’s really very bad. The human situation is more and more difficult. There is no food. No clothing. All the banks are closed.

Also bad from the Egyptian side. 22 injured were transferred for treatment via Rafa. Just 22. Why just 22? The reason is Egypt’s hatred for Hamas. There have been many appeals to reopen Rafa for the injured but Egypt does nothing. 600 injured wait to cross. Technically they say Rafa is “re-opened” but there is no entrance for anyone. You cannot understand why this is happening from Egypt. Today Hamas asked the Egyptian side to reopen Rafa for aid but nothing. Yesterday an Emirates convoy did bring medicine but left the same day.
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COMMENT: Today's comment is from New Israel Fund boss, Rabbi Brian Lurie. And was forwarded to us by Adam from the NIF. They were published in Haaretz.
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Also – Smadar and Sami from the Tsofen orgainisation sent this comment piece. Thank you

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Under fire, Israel must still stand up for human rights

Israel's human rights community and their supporters are committed democrats and also patriots – even when they must implicate or criticize the Israeli military's abuses of power.
By Brian Lurie in Haaretz

Now, again at a time of violent conflict, there is a concerted effort by some in Israel to disparage and discourage the work of Israel’s human rights groups. Several Negev mayors signed an ad in the Jerusalem Post addressed to me, asking the New Israel Fund to refrain from supporting this work.
The nature of human rights work, especially during conflict, is hard for some to understand. From where I live in San Francisco, I cannot pretend that I fully appreciate the rush to bomb shelters under the threat of Hamas’ long-range rockets. Nevertheless, I remember how it felt to live in Jerusalem for several days during the Six Day War, being in and out of bomb shelters. Again in 1990, I sat in a sealed room during Saddam Hussein’s attacks on Israel. Therefore, I have great sympathy for what Israeli civilians are now enduring and I join others in loathing Hamas’ strategy of indiscriminate bombing of civilian targets. Were it not for the Iron Dome, the casualty rate on the Israeli side would be much larger. I am thankful for the foresight that put this protection into place.
The NIF's support for Israel’s human rights organizations in no way contradicts our condemnation of Hamas’ tactics. Rather, it flows from our commitment to Israeli democracy. Human rights watchdog groups operate in every democracy worldwide. They ensure that there is an independent voice reporting on government activity and they serve as a check and balance on potential abuses of power. Every democracy should have its own human rights community examining the behavior of its military. If there is no such mechanism operating in Gaza, then that is just another black mark against the Hamas regime.
Moments like this one test the character of society. When human rights groups are ignored, silenced or are not allowed to do their work, societies fail the test. Nations like Russia, Egypt and Iran prohibit, limit or defund human rights activities, and that behavior is an infallible signal of anti-democratic and authoritarian intent. Israel aims higher than that.
Because human rights abuses are more common in the chaos of war, the role of human rights organizations is all the more important during those times. Many of their reports will implicate or criticize military behavior, which of course angers many Israelis. This is particularly true when the IDF is moving against Hamas in Gaza, where the difficulty in discerning legitimate military targets amidst a crowded civilian population is a recipe for tragedy and disaster, as we saw with the loss of so many young children in this latest conflict.
No matter how unpopular the work of ACRI, B’Tselem, Rabbis for Human Rights and other Israeli watchdog groups, no matter how painful and difficult their reportage may be, NIF will not back away from our support for them. Israel’s democratic character and future is too important to us. Israel’s Military Advocate General and other officials have acknowledged that these reports change military operations for the better. After Operation Cast Lead in 2009, the IDF specifically credited B’Tselem’s information as a factor in changing operational procedures to better protect civilian lives and property.
Some of the Israeli leadership’s distaste for human rights activity comes from the fallout from the Goldstone Report, which first accused the IDF of deliberately targeting civilians and whose principal author then backed down from that claim. As it happens, when that report came out, some human rights groups we support actually objected to that particular conclusion and said that it was not substantiated by the evidence.
And, despite the well-funded lies from extremist organizations associated with the ultranationalist right, the Goldstone report was almost entirely based on publicly-available information and statements by the Israeli government and military sources. Had the Israeli government launched its own investigation of Cast Lead, as had been done for every military operation preceding it, the Goldstone Report might not have
happened or at least would have been contextualized.
The reports generated by human rights organizations are always publicly available and are thus sometimes used by Israel’s enemies to attack it.
This happens to every democracy; my own country was implicated in the abuses at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib prison because of information gathered and disseminated by our ACLU and there was worldwide outrage as a result. Attempting to silence human rights organizations because their output does not always help Israel’s image is shortsighted. In the long run the fact that Israel has a critical human rights community ensures that
friendly allies understand that it is still a liberal democracy with safeguards in place to guide its own behavior.
While reports issued by Israeli human rights organizations receive coverage and attention across the globe, we at NIF strongly believe that the most important audience for Israeli human rights organizations to address is their fellow Israelis, including the Israeli judicial system. Israel has a free press, involved citizenry, a strong and independent judiciary, and a track record of official commissions and committees of inquiry.
Reports of wrongdoing must be presented there. We disagree with organizations now calling for international intercession, especially before Israel has even has had a chance to examine its own decisions and activities.
We also object to, and will not fund, any organization filing a lawsuit outside of Israel attempting to bring Israeli officials to trial in foreign courts. As the leading organization working for democracy and equality in Israel, our job is to work with Israelis seeking to strengthen democratic institutions, including the judicial system and commissions of inquiry.
At the end of the day, the human rights community of Israel and their supporters are also patriots. Their work is extraordinarily difficult at times like this. We want to hold Israel to the standard it has set for itself as a liberal democracy with a moral army that respects human life and as a nation that searches its own soul in even the most difficult of times to ensure the fundamental decency of its actions. The NIF is committed
to helping Israel be the liberal democracy envisioned by its founders. That’s why we will always stand by Israel’s human rights champions.

Rabbi Brian Lurie is President of the New Israel Fund.

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Gaza Report 6


This report is the sixth in a series on the current confrontation between Gaza and Israel. 

Note: More than 600 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza since these latest hostilities commenced. The UN states that 70% of the dead are civilians. The number of Palestinian wounded rose to 3,700 today. On the Israeli side, 30 are reported dead (actual numbers and details are unclear but that is not unusual as the Israel Army rarely gives comprehensive lists of all casualties – this must therefore be regarded as a minimum figure). The IDF announced this morning that the soldier Hamas named yesterday as having been captured, is indeed missing. The UN is belatedly pushing in serious fashion for a cease-fire in the Strip (UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has arrived in Israel today).

ISRAEL: The following is the perspective of our most senior Israeli NCF membership:

What would happen if England were bombed every single day? It’s awful.

The problem is not the past. The problem is the future. We can’t talk about the future until the dust settles. And the dust should settle in about ten days.


GAZA: The following comment comes from the NCF office in Gaza. Again the words are quoted verbatim. Note that the NCF office in Gaza is located in the Gaza Press Centre.

They attacked the Al Jazeera office in our building. All of them left. They have moved to (location withheld). This was a shooting against Al Jazeera as a warning. They are afraid. Because a lot of houses were destroyed in this fashion. It was a warning. We immediately phoned the Israel Army to ask if we could stay but they said that they “could not guarantee our safety if we returned to the office.”

Some of the AP office (located on the same floor as Al Jazeera) have returned. The Gaza Centre for Media Freedom (on the fourth floor of the building where the NCF office is located) is in the same building. We have all left.

620 Palestinians have been killed so far and 3,700 injured, mostly civilians. More than 500 houses have been completely destroyed and 15,000 partly damaged. And the exchange of fire continues. 2 Israelis were killed today morning making a total of 27 Israeli soldiers dead according to the Israelis. According to Hamas it is twice that number.

Abu Mazin has returned to Ramallah because he is very angry at everyone including Egypt (though he doesn’t say he’s angry with Egypt). We expect a big speech from him this evening.

The news of the kidnapping of the Israeli soldier is true. Israel confirmed today that they had missed one soldier and gave the same name that Hamas gave two days ago. This complicates things. In the next 48 hours maybe there will be something. Inshallah there will be a cease fire.

GAZA 2: The following comment was forwarded to us from Adel Zanoon at the Gaza Centre for Media Freedom. Adel is the most senior member of the NCF in Gaza.

The Palestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms(MADA) considers targeting of Al-Jazeera office by the occupation forces in Gaza city today is a part of occupation forces' trials to silence the  press in Gaza Strip, and an attempt to terrify  journalists.

Safwat kahlout,41, in Gaza city reported  The producer of Al-Jazerra office to MADA: "Today morning at 09:00 am, While we were doing our work at Al-Jazeera office which locate at Al-Jalla tower,11th floor, in Gaza city, we heard a sound of opening fire. All of us were shocked since we were not able to identify the source of this sound. A few seconds later, the second shelling happened which source was unknown for us. Then we understood that the first sounds were warning sounds and Al-Jazeera office will be targeted after the warning statement of Lieberman (Israeli foreign minister) to close all Al-Jazerra offices.
No casualties were reported and the material damages small”.
                                                   
Israeli occupations forces also continued shelling journalist's houses. The journalist and producer Rima Mahmoud  Abu Sabha,26, reported that Israeli occupation forces shelled their house at about 12:00 am by two rockets without a previous warning. Therefore, her father was killed, and their one-floor house, where 11 people live, was destroyed. 8 people, who live in her uncle's house which is next to their house, were injured. Israeli occupation airplanes shelled the remaining of the
house again today morning at 07:00 am, straightening it with the ground. 

The Journalist Hamad Khamis Dahlan, 31, who works for Al-Ahed TV reported to MADA: "At 07:50 pm, our house was shelled by an Israeli drone airplane. At 08:10 pm, the three floor- house was shelled by a F16 rocket, no casualties reported since one of our family members was told ten minutes before shelling by a phone call. The house, which locates in Al-Nasser neighborhood in Gaza city, where 40 people live who belong to 6 families (we, my three uncles and some of my family members) whom were displaced as a result the last aggression,  was completely destroyed”. The journalist Dahlan is married, and he has three kids.

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COMMENT: Today's comment is from NCF member Justin Alexander who has shared this link to the article he has published in the Economist Intelligence Digest today

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Also – NCF member Tony Klug sent us this letter he wrote to the Guardian:

• Seumas Milne argues that the price of Israel's occupation needs to be raised. One way of doing this is to challenge Israel's claim that it is and is not an occupation.
This convenient ambiguity has enabled it to cherry-pick the Geneva convention and justify treating the occupied Palestinians differently from Israeli citizens while simultaneously annexing, expropriating and settling chunks of their territory. After 47 years, it is time to call the Israeli bluff. The Palestinian thinker Sam Bahour and I have proposed that a firm deadline be set for Israel to make up its mind definitively one way or the other. If it is an occupation, Israel's – supposedly provisional – custodianship should be brought to a swift end. If it is not an occupation, there is no justification for denying equal rights to everyone who is subject to Israeli rule, whether Israeli or Palestinian.
The key is to remove the status quo as the default option. So, should Israel choose not to choose, other states may interpret this to mean in effect that it intends to hold on to the occupied territories indefinitely and hold Israel accountable to the equality benchmark. The clutch of international laws pertaining to apartheid rather than occupation would then come into force. The hope is that the Israeli people would rebel against the pariah status this would entail and vote in a new government ready to do a genuine two-state deal before it really is too late.

Tony Klug
London

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Finally, as a matter of record we copy the following article on the missing Israeli soldier:

THE NEW YORK TIMES

22 July 2014

JERUSALEM — The Israeli military announced on Tuesday that the remains of one of its soldiers presumed to have been killed on Sunday in Gaza had still not been found or identified, two days after Hamas’s military wing said it had kidnapped a soldier.

In the early hours of Sunday morning, during a fierce battle between Israeli ground forces and Hamas militants in Shejaiya, an eastern neighborhood of Gaza City, an aged Israeli armored personnel carrier carrying seven soldiers was hit by an antitank missile, according to the military.

It was one of the deadliest encounters since Israel sent ground forces into Gaza late Thursday, after 10 days of aerial bombing, which Israel says is aimed at severely damaging Hamas’s rocket-firing capabilities and underground tunnel network.

“The identification process of six of the soldiers killed has been completed and confirmed,” the military said in a statement on Tuesday. “The efforts to identify the seventh soldier are ongoing and have yet to be determined.”

Until now, the military had said it was “looking into” Hamas’s assertion that it had abducted a soldier, saying it was unable to confirm or deny the claim. Tuesday’s announcement was the military’s first attempt to explain the confusion.

The Israeli military identified the seventh soldier in the personnel carrier as Sergeant Oron Shaul, 21, a combat soldier of the Golani brigade from Poria in northern Israel. That name corresponded with a name Hamas had provided in Arabic when it claimed the kidnapping of the soldier.

Hamas also provided an Israeli identity number for the soldier.

The statement said the families of the seven soldiers “who were involved in the incident were briefed on the circumstances of the attack.”

Motti Almoz, the military’s chief spokesman, told Israel Radio that the military was “clarifying the circumstances surrounding this incident.”

Fighting continued in Shejaiya overnight, where the Israeli military said it had struck weapons stores, command and control positions and other infrastructure. So far, the military said it had uncovered some 23 underground tunnels in Gaza and 66 access points to the tunnels, many of them in Shejaiya, which lies close to the border with Israel.

Some of the tunnels have been used by Hamas militants to carry out incursions into Israeli territory and there have been several deadly clashes between militants emerging from tunnels on the Israeli side of the border and Israeli soldiers. Israeli officials say the tunnels were also designed for attacks on Israeli civilian communities.

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Gaza Report 5



This report is the fifth in a series on the current confrontation between Gaza and Israel.
 
Note: Thus far 508 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza during Israel’s ‘Operation Protective Edge’. During fierce fighting in eastern Gaza on Saturday night, 13 Israeli soldiers lost their lives. The number of Israelis killed to date is unclear but it is a total of at least 20. Hamas’ Qassam Brigades have kidnapped one Israeli soldier.

ISRAEL: The following is the perspective of two Israeli women (as at 11 am GMT this morning). Both are members of the NCF and both are active in promoting peace:

It is not easy for everyone. We hope it will end quickly. It needs to stop from both sides. We need to hope and pray that it will do so. The situation is really bad, the worst we have experienced. Civil society activism has become really difficult. There is a lot of racism around now. People’s reactions are very violent. It is very hard and depressing. Everything is so polarized. Palestinians on the West Bank we have known for years have now refused to talk to us. It is so depressing. The whole situation is terribly messy.

GAZA: The following comment comes from the NCF office in Gaza. Again the words are quoted verbatim (as at 11:30 am GMT this morning).

The situation is becoming more and more difficult, especially since at least 13 Israeli soldiers have been killed Saturday night. Today morning it was bad in Khan Yunis in the southern region of the Gaza Strip. 28 people were killed there, all from one family. We have more than 3,200 injured so far. Sometimes even now there are exchanges of fire between Hamas and the Israelis. There are still heavy tanks in Gaza particularly in the Zeitoun neighborhood of Gaza city and in the Beit Hanoun area of northern Gaza Strip. So far 160,000 people have left their homes. 2,200 houses have been completely destroyed. 16,000 have been party destroyed. The humanitarian situation is bad. Maybe Ramallah will send some trucks of medicine tomorrow. It will be a catastrophe if this continues. There is talking still going on but until now there has been no result.

GAZA: The following comment comes to the NCF from a member of the Gaza “House of Wisdom” think-tank (again verbatim).
 
Gaza now is facing very dangerous threats by the Israeli-Egyptian blockade which is growing day by day and exacerbating the situation of Gaza. The situation is escalating every day.

USA: The following comment comes from former State Department diplomat, Jonathan Müller.

The thing about Israel is that it is a democracy, with a diversity of opinion, and somewhere in that diversity there is an Israeli Dr Klerk. But where, and how to bring him (or her) forward. For sure there has to be an honest counterpart on the Palestinian side.
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COMMENT: Today's comment is from the OneVoice movement:

The OneVoice Movement issued the following joint statement today on behalf of OneVoice Israel and OneVoice Palestine:

OneVoice once again reaffirms its call for both parties to urgently seek a ceasefire agreement that de-escalates this increasingly dangerous situation and avoids further loss of life. The tragic events of recent weeks show how unstable and unjust this status quo is.

It is essential that following any agreement, we do not allow the situation to merely revert to that same status quo, which by its very nature, guarantees another round of violence. We urge Israelis, Palestinians, and international parties to be both creative and bold in pursuing an arrangement that allows the citizens of Palestine and of Israel the dignity, freedom, and security necessary to forge ahead in achieving the only thing that can truly end this dynamic: an end to occupation and conflict, and the establishment of a two-state solution.
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The following, slightly more subjective comment, comes from the Palestinian ex-NCF member Sharif Nashashibi: